We shower in it, surf it, sail on it and slurp it. Whether it’s coming out of our taps or falling out of the sky, water is an essential, everyday part of human life. As such, it’s no surprise that we have a plethora of amazing words for H2O and the various forms it takes. Here are our favourite weird and wonderful words to describe the wet stuff.
We’ve all heard of a brook or stream, but the word rill – a term that dates back to the 16th century and is probably German in origin – is less well known. It simply means a very small stream or rivulet.
In the North of England there’s a word of Old Norse origin that also means a small stream or brook: a beck. Beck is often used to refer to a brook with a stony bed.
Who knew there were so many words for stream? Bourne is another one, meaning a small stream, especially one that flows intermittently or seasonally. It’s where the Dorset town of Bournemouth got its name – literally the mouth of the stream. In Scotland and the North of England the variant Burn is used, as in Blackburn.
Whilst we’re on small streams, there’s a word that’s predominantly used to describe the sound they make: burble. The water in a brook is said to burble as it travels over rocks and stones. The word was first used in the 1300’s, likely someone’s attempt to imitate the sound of flowing water.
In the North, an old Norse word is used to describe a ravine or the narrow body of water that flows through it: a gill. The alternative spelling ghyll is said to have been introduced by the Romantic poet Wordsworth.
Ever heard of a sound? It’s a large sea or ocean inlet, wider than a fjord or bay. Or, a narrow channel of water between two bodies of land, also known as a strait. That’s straightforward then.
Another word of Old Norse origin, foss is Yorkshire dialect for waterfall. Falling Foss is the name of a waterfall in The North York Moors National Park, popular with walkers who need to cool off.
What’s the difference between a lake and a mere? A mere is merely shallower than a lake: it is broad in relation to its depth. Rather confusingly, despite its name Windemere in the Lake District is not a mere. In fact, it’s the largest natural lake in England.
An old Northern and Scots word, dub refers to a small pool of normally stagnant water, or a pool in a river.
When puddle just won’t cut it, try pulk on for size. It’s northern dialect for a hole of standing water, a puddle, a muddy pond or a mudhole.
A freshet is the overflow of a river or stream caused by heavy rain or melting snow. When a river floods after a spring thaw, that’s a freshet. It would certainly feel fresh if you took a dip.