A selection of links to recent research papers available online and may be free to access. 

The conclusions are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of the WMSoc.

Improvements to the Success of Outbreak Investigations of Legionnaires’ Disease: 40 Years of Testing and Investigation in New York State

Schoonmaker-Bopp D, Nazarian E, Dziewulski D, Clement E, Baker DJ, Dickinson MC, Saylors A, Codru N, Thompson L, Lapierre P, Dumas N, Limberger R, Musser KA. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2021 Jun 4:AEM0058021. doi: 10.1128/AEM.00580-21. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34085864.   Highlights Testing and investigation methods used in New York State (NYS) over the past… Read more »

Legionnaires’ disease in dental offices: quantifying aerosol risks to dental workers and patients

Hamilton KA, Kuppravalli A, Heida A, Joshi S, Haas CN, Verhougstraete M, Gerrity D. J Occup Environ Hyg. 2021 Jun 23:1-21. doi: 10.1080/15459624.2021.1939878. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34161202.   Highlights Dental offices pose a potential risk for inhalation or aspiration of pneumophila due to the high surface area to volume ratio of dental unit… Read more »

Implications of Climate Change: How Does Increased Water Temperature Influence Biofilm and Water Quality of Chlorinated Drinking Water Distribution Systems?

Calero Preciado C, Boxall J, Soria-Carrasco V, Martínez S, Douterelo I. Front Microbiol. 2021 Jun 8;12:658927. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2021.658927. PMID: 34168627; PMCID: PMC8217620.   Highlights Higher temperatures increased biofilm formation on High-Density Polyethylene (HDPE) pipes in a chlorinated drinking water distribution system (DWDS). Material accumulation was accelerated by temperature but this did not effect biofilm strength… Read more »

Dynamics of Legionella Community Interactions in Response to Temperature and Disinfection Treatment: 7 Years of Investigation

Girolamini L, Salaris S, Pascale MR, Mazzotta M, Cristino S. Microb Ecol. 2021 Jun 5. doi: 10.1007/s00248-021-01778-9. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34091718.   Highlights The Legionella community complex and attention needs to be given to lesser known Legionella The most prevalent species were pneumophila serogroup 1 (78.53%), followed by L. anisa (54.45%) and L…. Read more »

Ozonized Water in Microbial Control: Analysis of the Stability, In Vitro Biocidal Potential, and Cytotoxicity

Santos LMCD, Silva ESD, Oliveira FO, Rodrigues LAP, Neves PRF, Meira CS, Moreira GAF, Lobato GM, Nascimento C, Gerhardt M, Lessa AS, Mascarenhas LAB, Machado BAS. Biology (Basel). 2021 Jun 12;10(6):525. doi: 10.3390/biology10060525. PMID: 34204772; PMCID: PMC8231602.   Highlights Ozonized water is characterized as a potential antimicrobial agent O3concentration increases according to the temperature variation… Read more »

Characterizing the premise plumbing microbiome in both water and biofilms of a 50-year-old building

Huang CK, Weerasekara A, Bond PL, Weynberg KD, Guo J. Sci Total Environ. 2021 Jul 22;798:149225. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.149225. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34340073.   Highlights The premise plumbing microbiome of a 50-year-old university building was characterized. Biofilms were dominated with biofilm-formers and emerging opportunistic pathogens (OPs). Legionellaspp. was used as a model OP to… Read more »

Legionnaires’ Disease

Brady MF, Sundareshan V. 2021 Jul 10. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2021 Jan–. PMID: 28613558. (Book)   Excerpt Legionnaires’ disease is caused by Legionella pneumophila. Pontiac fever refers to a benign, self-limited, acute febrile illness which is linked serologically to L pneumophila. L pneumophila causes pneumonia and should be considered as a pathogen… Read more »

A study to investigate the impact of two commonly used neutralizing agents in water sampling bottles on legionella & pseudomonas bacteria recovery

Lai S, Nielsen B, Andrews N, Thompson CK.  J Hosp Infect. 2021 Jul 21:S0195-6701(21)00270-X. doi: 10.1016/j.jhin.2021.07.007. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34302884.   Highlights Microbiology testing laboratories commonly use sample bottles containing sodium thiosulphate as the neutralising agent for oxidising biocides and these are readily available as commercially prepared and sterilized products. Bottles are typically… Read more »

Comparative study of Legiolert with ISO 11731-1998 standard method-conclusions from a Public Health Laboratory

Checa J, Carbonell I, Manero N, Martí I. J Microbiol Methods. 2021 Jul;186:106242. doi: 10.1016/j.mimet.2021.106242. Epub 2021 May 18. PMID: 34019935.   Highlights Legiolert and the standard method detected a similar percentage of positive samples, with Legiolert being slightly higher (31 vs 30%) and detecting higher concentrations of Legionella within the samples. ISO 17994:2014 analysis… Read more »

Complex microbial interactions affect colonization of cooling towers by Legionella

Kiran Paranjape. Émilie Bédard, Deeksha Shetty, MengQi Hu, Fiona Chan, Pak Choon, Michèle Prévost, Sébastien P. Faucher   Highlights Cooling towers have been linked to many outbreaks of Legionnaires’ disease, a severe pneumonia caused by Legionella Researchers identified complex ecological networks highlighting the importance of other bacteria and primary producers e.g. the presence of Brevundimonas… Read more »

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